What are the key differences you need to know about glaucoma and cataracts?

What are the key differences you need to know about glaucoma and cataracts?
Cataract surgeryeye problems

What are the key differences you need to know about glaucoma and cataracts?

  • March 11, 2021

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Overview

Both of the conditions are linked to eye problems which can affect vision and eye health. Some of the symptoms and risk factors are the same. Let’s dig deep to understand the difference between the 2. Bear in mind, if you are worried about your eye health, then make sure to seek assistance from the best eye specialist. Visiting the best eye hospital in Ludhiana will help you get the best treatment to improve your condition.

What’s glaucoma?

Glaucoma is caused when there is the excess fluid pressure inside the eye. Every day, the fluid is refreshed. New fluid is replaced with the old one and this helps in keeping the pressure at a steady pace. If the fluid pressure is not relieved then the nerve will get damaged which results in vision loss. Glaucoma is of 2 kinds which include:

  • Open-angle

Symptoms take time to show their effect.

  • Closed-angle

With this condition, medical attention is needed right away.

What are Cataracts?

The inside of the eye which is the clean lens helps the light to enter and images are projected on the retina which is at the back of the eye. With time, the inside of the eye will break down and stick together. Due to this, it will form yellow, white, or brown clumps which distort the vision, block the vision, and create a cloud. In medical terms, these are referred to as cataracts.

Symptoms

Glaucoma Cataracts
Symptoms are not present initially, but they will slowly start building up. Some of the symptoms which you might notice are mentioned below: The Cataract problem will not be known right away. Initially, there might not be many symptoms. However, you notice some of them which includes the following:
Peripheral vision (You are not able to see the things around you clearly.) Blurred vision Double vision
Closed angles will make the symptoms appear suddenly like intense eye pain. Feeling of nausea Blurry vision Halos of light glowing around everything. Poor night vision Light sensitivity Pale or faded colors Frequent changes to your eyewear prescription

Risk factors

Glaucoma Cataracts
The risk of Glaucoma is higher at the age of 60. Risk factors increase if someone in your known has developed this condition. Some of them are developed with the condition or it occurs later in life. It can occur due to injury or eye surgery. At the age of 40 – Chances of having the condition are 2.5% At the age of 75 – The Chances of having the condition are 49%.

What is the major difference between glaucoma and cataracts?

Majorly the difference between the 2 eye problems is because of its causes:

  • Glaucoma is caused due to fluid buildup in the eye.
  • Cataracts are caused due to the accumulation as the protein of the eye breaks down.

The outcomes are also different with this condition. Undergoing cataract surgery will make your vision better. On the other hand, if you lose eyesight due to glaucoma then eye vision is lost permanently.

Are both the conditions linked to each other?

In some cases, both conditions are present at one time. One problem may lead to another. Cataracts can become large when the eye’s natural drainage system is impacted. Doctors might remove cataracts through surgery, a blocked drain is opened and the optic nerve will be relieved from the pressure.

Those who have undergone glaucoma surgery should wait for 1 to 2 years to get cataract surgery. The necessary delay will make your eye health stable and you will be ready to get the cataract treatment.

Final words!

Both the conditions are serious. Preventing your vision is only possible when you get medical help on time.