What Is Vitreoretinal Surgery?
Vitreoretinal Surgery In Ludhiana, Punjab, Vitreoretinal surgery is performed inside the eye. This surgical procedure uses conventional surgical instruments or lasers to operate on the retina, the eye’s most light-sensitive part, and the vitreous that surrounds it.
Vitreoretinal surgery can improve, preserve, or even correct the distorted vision. For example, A vitrectomy is helpful for issues affecting the vitreous and retina like it can replace the naturally-occurring vitreous if it is cloudy and damaged. This surgical procedure can correct small tears in the retina.
What is Vitreoretinal surgery used to treat?
Vitreoretinal surgery can treat different eye disorders affecting the retina. It also
includes other parts which are mentioned below:
Retinal detachment: Retinal detachment is an eye issue in which the retina begins to separate from the eye back. It makes it difficult for the nearby blood vessels to get oxygen and the nourishment it needs. Getting the treatment on time is vital, otherwise it can lead to permanent vision loss in the future.
Macular hole: A macular hole is an ailment in which a small hole appears in a macula. Following a vitrectomy, the retina inner lining is detached, and the sides are pressed together with
a gas bubble. Around 90 percent of patients get successful results within one year of getting the diagnosis.
Floaters: Floaters do not damage the eye, but it needs to be treated on time. This problem can negatively impact your vision. The vitrectomy surgery will remove the distress floaters
and the vitreous fluid.
Diabetic vitreous hemorrhage: Diabetic vitreous hemorrhage occurs when blood vessels bleed, and this results in hazing or floaters. The surgery can remove the obstructions as well as stop the pulling effect of the vitreous on the retinal blood vessels.
What to expect before surgery?
- The ophthalmologist will put together the necessary steps to prepare for vitrectomy surgery. Before the surgery, you need to stop taking medications and do not eat anything after midnight.
- Before the surgery, the doctor will perform an eye examination by putting special eye drops that help to dilate the eye to view the retina easily.
What to expect during surgery?
- During surgery, the patient is awake, and the doctor will give medicine to help them stay comfortable and relaxed. During the procedure anesthetic eye drops or general anesthesia are used, so that patients do not feel discomfort.
- The surgeon will expose the eye, and the incision is made in the outer layer. Following that small cut is made in the sclera (known as the white part of the eye) to reach the gel-like vitreous body, and it is suctioned to reveal the retina.
The retina is kept in its place and flattened with a gas bubble or liquid. This allows the surgeon to correct the problem and fix the retina back to its position.
- Once the procedure is completed, another fluid is used to replace the vitreous that is a saline solution or silicone oil. Incisions are closed with stitches, but it might not be needed. The surgeon might put eye drops and cover it with a patch to prevent infection.
What happens after surgery?
- Mostly, the patients are discharged from the center on the same day of the surgery. It is best for the patient to arrange for a drive or ask someone to take you home.
- If your eyes are sore, then you will be prescribed pain-killers. To speed up the recovery, patients need to wear an eye patch for a few days following surgery.
- Your doctor will inform you when you need to visit for a routine check-up. In case you notice any unwanted signs like swelling, increase in pain, or problem with vision, inform the doctor right away .
Risks and Complications
The risks associated with vitrectomy can depend on factors like seriousness of the eye conditions, overall health, and age. Some of the risks factors involved in this surgical procedure are:
- Excess pressure in the eye
- Increased chance of cataract formation
- Problem with lens
- Problem with eye movement
The patient needs to be aware of what may happen, what conditions can be treated, how the surgery is done, and its potential benefits. For more information, book your initial appointment with our doctor.
Need a Second Opinion?
Are you or your loved ones experiencing changes in vision or any other eye-related issue? If yes, then visit us and get your eye examined and start the treatment for a better tomorrow.