Diabetic Retinopathy – Types, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
People with diabetes are more sensitive to eye disease, known as Diabetic Retinopathy. It emerges following severe damage to the retina because of diabetes mellitus complications. Brar Eye Centre is a fully-fledged eyecare unit having world-class treatment for all eye diseases, including diabetic retinopathy.
Brar Eye Care Centre is serving patients with the utmost care and compassion with a
comprehensive spectrum of advanced facilities under one roof. Further, Brar Eye Care Centre has NABH accreditation & CGHS approvals and delivers quality-rich treatment facilities at all levels.
During early stages, you might not observe any symptom, but may come to see the following symptoms as the condition progresses –
- Dark strings or colorless sports in patients’ area of vision (floaters)
- Fluctuating vision
- Blurred vision
- Impaired color vision
- Poor night vision
- And of course, the sudden vision loss
Diabetic Retinopathy – Causes & Risk Factors
A person with diabetes involves notable risk of diabetic retinopathy. However, the risk is greater if a person witnesses the following elements:
- Experiencing high blood pressure
- Is pregnant
- Having high cholesterol
- Having uncontrolled blood sugar levels
- Habitual to smoking
- Or a diabetes patient for a long time
As we have explained above, the prime cause of diabetic retinopathy is the damage to the trap of blood vessels that supplement the retina. It happens when high glucose levels hinder the blood flow to the retina. Initially, the blood vessel complications can be as mild as tiny bulges in the vessel wall.
In the advanced stage, the blood vessels become completely blocked, and the eye has to generate new blood vessels. These new vessels are less stable and unable to supply an adequate amount of blood to the retina. All these further lead to the bleeding and blockage of the retina.
Eventually, this bleeding spawns scars that separate the retina from the eye. This is the moment when the patient has peak chances of experiencing complete vision loss.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye ailment that appears to diabase patients. Under the case, the blood vessels in the retina (at the back of the eye) get harmed due to the high blood sugar levels. These blood vessels stop blood from passing through, followed by swelling or leakage.
In some cases, abnormal new blood vessels nurture on the retina. Eventually, the patient can lose his eyesight forever in extreme conditions. The problem of diabetic retinopathy can occur to anyone with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. So, diabetes patients should have their vision checked at least once a year to keep the risk of DR away.
Primarily, Diabetic Retinopathy has two types –
– Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR)
It is an early phase of DR and also known as ‘Background Retinopathy.’ It is the case when the retina’s small blood vessels are damaged and start bleeding or leaking fluid into the retina.
– Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR)
Under PDR, the patient is always at high risk of vision loss. It occurs when tiny blood vessels on the retina face blockage, ultimately starving the retina of essential nutrients. Consequently, the retina begets new blood vessels, which are abnormal and can’t meet the purpose of normal blood flow.
How Does Diabetic Retinopathy Can Be Diagnosed?
DR generally doesn’t show any noticeable symptoms during the early stages. But a
professional ophthalmologist (eye specialist) can recognize the early signs. Diabetes patients are strongly recommended to have their eyes checked once a year to know the health status.
Majorly, three methods are common to identify DR:
- Retinal detachment
- Scar tissue
- Abnormalities in blood vessels
- Changes in the vision
- New blood vessels
– Dilated Eye Test
Under this test, the ophthalmologist administers drops into the patient’s eyes to dilate the
pupils. It allows the doctor to scan the inside of the eye and take photographs of the interior. This process helps the doctor to detect:
– Fluorescein Angiography
A special dye, known as fluorescein, inserted into the patient’s eye after dilating the pupils with drops. The dye takes pictures of the eye, and if the blood vessels are abnormal, the dye may stain the blood vessels or leak into the retina.
Hence, this method is used to identify blocked or broken-down vessels. It also helps to decide upon the right laser treatment.
– Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT)
This methodology is quite similar to ultrasound, but it executes light instead of sound to capture images. It provides high-resolution cross sectional images of the retina to expose its thickness.
What are the Treatment Options to Cure DR?
Treating diabetic retinopathy comprehensively depends upon various factors like the type of DR, the severity of DR, and the patient’s response to the previous treatment therapy (if any). However, under control blood sugar helps significantly to slow the development of DR.
Recently, one of the studies has shown that ‘ anti-VEGF drugs’ can be used for treating diabetic retinopathy. The outcomes of the studies are extremely encouraging for patients suffering from diabetic macular edema.
If the patient has NPDR, the doctor monitors the patient’s eye closely without intervening (Watchful Watching). On the other side, patients with PDR require immediate surgical treatment. It may conclude the following options:
- Focal Laser Treatment (Photocoagulation)
- Scatter Laser Treatment (pan-Retinal Photocoagulation)
Brar Eye Centre – The Best Retina Specialist in (City Name)
The Vitreoretinal services are associated with diabetic retinopathy, ARMD, infections, trauma and various other retinal disorder management. It becomes quite crucial to treat diabetic retinopathy at the initial stage to avoid severe losses.
Brar Eye Centre incorporates a well-trained team of retinal surgeons and specialists. They utilize the latest technology diagnostic tools like FFA, OCT, ultrasound B Scan for best outcomes.
Further, the Brar Eye Center offers the best diabetic retinopathy treatment in India under full care and hygienic atmosphere.
When it comes to our services under this eye disorder, we have a great range of facilities, including retina care with retinal detachment treatment and DR management. These are based on laser treatment and other surgical procedures at reasonable costs.
Furthermore, at Brar Eye Centre, we have a professionally-experienced team of diabetic
retinopathy specialists. They conduct a comprehensive diagnosis to assess the severity of diabetic retinopathy via extensive tests such as OCT and FFA etc.
Need a Second Opinion?
Are you or your loved ones experiencing changes in vision or any other eye-related issue? If yes, then visit us and get your eye examined and start the treatment for a better tomorrow.