What is Paediatric Ophthalmology? How are the problems diagnosed and treated?


What is Paediatric Ophthalmology? How are the problems diagnosed and treated?

  • May 6, 2021


What is Paediatric Ophthalmology?

Pediatric ophthalmology is a subspeciality that is focused on treating different eye issues affecting a child’s vision. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and learning problems in children can lead to vision issues. If your child has the same issue, then take him to the best eye hospital in Ludhiana. Consulting the best Eye Specialist will help your child to get the ultimate benefits as the doctor will customise the treatment.

What are the eye problems which affect your child?

Studies have shown that 1 out 6 kids are diagnosed with eye vision. Some of the common eye issues which come under the Paediatric Ophthalmology

  • Squint
  • Lazy eye
  • Drooping of upper eyelids
  • Refractive-errors

What are eye diseases in newborns?

  • Cataract
  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)

In the case of newborns, the problem should be diagnosed and corrected, at an early stage. If the problem is not treated in the first 6 months, then there are increased chances that your child’s vision can get impacted permanently.

The reason to get the treatment at an early age is that optic eye nerves are developing and if it is not treated on time, there are increased chances that it will get affected for their whole life. So, you mustn’t let it go to the point that it leads to total blindness.

Routine eye examinations are important

Routine or regular eye checkups are essential to take utmost care of your child’s eye health. The problem of drooping eyelids or squints is easy to notice as compared to refractive errors and lazy eyes. Even the kids are not able to tell about the issue, which makes it difficult for the parents on what to do. You can say that they are not able to tell the changes they have in their visual skills. So, for the parents, it is important to notice the changes on time and get help, right away.

If any of the situations seem uncertain then consult the pediatric ophthalmologist and get the ideal treatment to improve your kid’s health.

Get immediate action to save their vision

With Paediatric ophthalmology, the right treatment plan can be considered on time. The eye expert will provide the best kind of treatment round-the-clock which ultimately protects their vision for the future. Initially, the doctor will suggest glasses and certain eye exercises boost eye health. You must take your kids for a regular eye examination at the age of 3 to 4.

Don’t ignore the situation!

In all conditions, the problem mustn’t be ignored. Consulting the doctor on time will make a lot of difference in their eye health and the situation will not reach the point that it becomes severe.

So, it is important to book your initial consultation as early as possible and get the customized treatment plan on time. This is the only way in which your child’s eye health will be safe for their future.


Which are the different types of corrective eye surgeries in Ludhiana?

  • April 5, 2021


Types of Corrective Eye Surgery

Some people do not prefer to wear glasses and contact lenses, & it results in negative effects. If you make the necessary change in your vision through the surgical approach, it will make it better. All thanks to the advanced techniques used by the best eye specialist, the problem can be solved to a great extent. At the best Eye Hospital In Ludhiana, you will get the treatment options that help to understand how they work & how they will improve your vision.

LASIK (laser in-situ keratomileusis)

Through this surgical approach, the corneal tissues are reshaped which allows putting the focus on the light, and it reaches the retina. Patients with farsighted, nearsighted, or astigmatism can be benefited. The surgeon performs the treatment with precision, and computer-assisted technology helps to create the corneal image with perfection.

PRK (photorefractive keratectomy)

PRK uses the laser to reshape the cornea. Patients with mild cases of astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness can be benefited. In this approach, the computer-imaging technique is used.

LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis)

LASEK is a variation of PRK. The doctor creates the flap which allows the epithelial cells to become loose and alcohol solution is applied. Later, the cornea is reshaped and the flap is set & secured in the place where the necessary correction is made.

ALK (automated lamellar keratoplasty)

ALK is beneficial for people with excess problems of nearsightedness and lesser issues of farsightedness. Under this process, the flap is created in the cornea. The doctor will not make use of any laser and an incision is made which allows addressing the vision issue & the cornea is reshaped.

RLE (refractive lens exchange)

RLE is beneficial for cataract patients. In this approach, a small incision is made to take out the natural lens from the cornea edge. Instead of that plastic or silicone lens is kept. It is also known by the name of:

  • Clear lens Extraction
  • Refractive Lens Replacement

The minor eye problems, issue of dry eye, and thin cornea can be corrected along with astigmatism.


EpiLasik is kind of the same as PRK. The eye doctor will separate the thin layer and then the cornea is reshaped. The doctor applies the contact lens on the desired area, till the time healing is done.

PRELEX (presbyopic lens exchange)

In some cases, eye lens flexibility is reduced which is known as presbyopia. In such conditions, the patient is not able to focus on nearby objects. The doctor will implant the multifocal lens which improves flexibility & focus gets better.


Intacs are also known by the name of ICR. The procedure begins by making an incision in the cornea and on the outer edge plastic rings are put to make it flat. This allows the light to get modified and it focuses on the retina.

Phakic Intraocular Lens Implants

If patients cannot be benefited from LASIK and PRK, then this approach can work the best. To put the implant, a small incision is made on the cornea edge.

AK (astigmatic keratotomy)

AK surgical approach works with the use of lasers. With this method, 2 incisions are made on the steep part of the cornea.

You should consult the eye doctor and get a better understanding of which approach can be beneficial for you.


Eye Anatomy

  • August 18, 2020


Different parts of the eye

Cornea : The cornea is a tissue layer that is in front of the eye and helps to focus light.

Tear ducts : The tear duct opening is located in the lower and upper eyelids at the inner corner of each eye. It is going to help to drain the tears away.

Lens and retina : The lens is behind the pupil. The light focuses on the retina that is on the back of the eyeball. The retina converts images that are converted into a signal, and then they are sent to the optic nerve.

Iris and pupil : Iris is the colored part of the eye that contains muscles and it helps to control the pupil. It is the opening in the middle of the eye. The iris is going to control the amount of light that comes through the pupil.
Eyes are complex and when you know the functioning of every part it makes it easier to recognize the vision problems and symptoms.