Types of Corrective Eye Surgery
Some people do not prefer to wear glasses and contact lenses, & it results in negative effects. If you make the necessary change in your vision through the surgical approach, it will make it better. All thanks to the advanced techniques used by the best eye specialist, the problem can be solved to a great extent. At the best Eye Hospital In Ludhiana, you will get the treatment options that help to understand how they work & how they will improve your vision.
LASIK (laser in-situ keratomileusis)
Through this surgical approach, the corneal tissues are reshaped which allows putting the focus on the light, and it reaches the retina. Patients with farsighted, nearsighted, or astigmatism can be benefited. The surgeon performs the treatment with precision, and computer-assisted technology helps to create the corneal image with perfection.
PRK (photorefractive keratectomy)
PRK uses the laser to reshape the cornea. Patients with mild cases of astigmatism, nearsightedness, and farsightedness can be benefited. In this approach, the computer-imaging technique is used.
LASEK (laser epithelial keratomileusis)
LASEK is a variation of PRK. The doctor creates the flap which allows the epithelial cells to become loose and alcohol solution is applied. Later, the cornea is reshaped and the flap is set & secured in the place where the necessary correction is made.
ALK (automated lamellar keratoplasty)
ALK is beneficial for people with excess problems of nearsightedness and lesser issues of farsightedness. Under this process, the flap is created in the cornea. The doctor will not make use of any laser and an incision is made which allows addressing the vision issue & the cornea is reshaped.
RLE (refractive lens exchange)
RLE is beneficial for cataract patients. In this approach, a small incision is made to take out the natural lens from the cornea edge. Instead of that plastic or silicone lens is kept. It is also known by the name of:
- Clear lens Extraction
- Refractive Lens Replacement
The minor eye problems, issue of dry eye, and thin cornea can be corrected along with astigmatism.
EpiLasik is kind of the same as PRK. The eye doctor will separate the thin layer and then the cornea is reshaped. The doctor applies the contact lens on the desired area, till the time healing is done.
PRELEX (presbyopic lens exchange)
In some cases, eye lens flexibility is reduced which is known as presbyopia. In such conditions, the patient is not able to focus on nearby objects. The doctor will implant the multifocal lens which improves flexibility & focus gets better.
Intacs are also known by the name of ICR. The procedure begins by making an incision in the cornea and on the outer edge plastic rings are put to make it flat. This allows the light to get modified and it focuses on the retina.
Phakic Intraocular Lens Implants
If patients cannot be benefited from LASIK and PRK, then this approach can work the best. To put the implant, a small incision is made on the cornea edge.
AK (astigmatic keratotomy)
AK surgical approach works with the use of lasers. With this method, 2 incisions are made on the steep part of the cornea.
You should consult the eye doctor and get a better understanding of which approach can be beneficial for you.