Refractive Errors and their correction through LASIK, PRK, LAREK and LTK

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Refractive Errors and their correction through LASIK, PRK, LAREK and LTK

  • March 22, 2021


Because of the disfigurement or displacement of the cornea, refractive errors may come into existence. The adverse effect of these errors is that they do not allow the retina to precisely focus on the light and as a result ends up creating imprecise images on the retina. According to the best eye specialist of the Brar eye care hospital, if the individual is facing blurry or hazy vision, the possible cause can be the problem of refraction. In case, you are experiencing even bits of blurry vision, you should instantaneously visit an eye hospital in Ludhiana, Brar Eye Care.

Types of refractive errors

  • Myopia

Myopia is also known as nearsightedness which comes up with either the excessive bending of the cornea or the exaggeration of the distance of the eye from front to back. Because of which the distant objects are not seen clearly as a result of the blurry emergence.

  • Hypermetropia

This refractive error comes into existence when owing to the extreme flattening of the cornea, the image commences getting focused behind the retina instead of in the front. So because of that, the near objects appear to be quintessentially blurry.

  • Astigmatism

When the objects appear to be blurry or hazy irrespective of the distance.

  • Presbyopia

When the eyes are not more strengthful to switch the focus from one object to another, it creates a blurry vision whenever the direction of the pupil is changed.

Procedures of vision correction


We are not unaware of the recognition and popularity of LASIK Surgery. The quintessential reason behind the success of the same is the ever-lasting solution for the correction of the shape or structure of the cornea.

  • PRK

PRK is an acronym for Photorefractive keratectomy. This procedure aims at reshaping the exterior layer of the cornea after the termination of the tiny tissues.


LASEK is an acronym for Laser epithelial keratomileusis. This procedure is considered a combination of LASIK and PRK surgery. In this stratagem, the laser focuses on ameliorating the structure of the cornea after the surface of the corner is expanded by using the alcohol solution.

  • LTK

This procedure is the need of the day since its less invasive nature helps in rectifying both the problems of hypermetropia and astigmatism. By taking up this procedure, one is assured that there will be no risk for eyes getting afflicted with any kind of infection since it’s a no-touch special feature.

How will you determine whether you should be taking up the vision correction procedure?

  • If you are not under any clause of the bond, that refrains you from taking up any surgical or particularly refractive error correction procedure, then this surgery is not for you.
  • If you have any kind of eye disease, then the doctor will not suggest you take up the same.
  • Being an adult ( above 18 years) is a necessary condition to undergo this procedure.
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How is eye checkup for your tiny-tots carried out at Brar eye care Clinic?

  • March 18, 2021


Do not be surprised, the infants also need to get regular eye check-ups particularly if they are born before the 34th week or there is a family history of eye ailments specifically cataracts. According to the best eye specialist, “Not only the babies which do have the complications with their birth and the family history of the eye ailments should undergo the eye checkups. But all the infants are to be taken to the eye hospital in Ludhiana to make sure that their focus of the eyes is correct, the pupils are in a straight direction and no internal eye disease is present.

What is the importance of the eye examination during the first year of the baby?

If the eye diseases would be detected at an early stage, then the early treatment will help to cut the complications.

What are your responsibilities of being a parent?

Being a parent, you should be very conscious of the activities of your children. Because none other than the parents will help to detect the eye ailments at an early stage.

For example: If you see that the pupils of the eye of children are suddenly shifting one position to another without the intention of the child, then it is the condition that you ought to report to the ophthalmologist.

Which are the conditions that indicate that you should immediately take your ward to the ophthalmologist?

Following conditions signifies that there is something wrong with the vision of the external structure of the eyes of your children, so you should instantaneously take your ward to the doctor:

  • Strabismus

Strabismus is the problem of your eye in which the eyes are not properly aligned.

  • Nystagmus

If particularly after 3 months of the child’s birth, the parents experience that the eye pupils are either jumping or wiggling, then do not delay to visit the nearest ophthalmologist at that particular instance.

  • An eye injury

Sometimes, eye injuries become the preponderant reason for the loss of vision or disfigurement of the eyes. No sooner the eye injury occurs than you should visit your doctor.

Who carries out the eye examination?

In the cases of infants, either the family doctor or the paediatrician can carry out the eye examination tests. They also help to treat the children if they are suffering from any sort of eye infection.

What should the parents expect in the eye examination in the initial year?

First of all, it is relevant to mention here that to ensure that your baby feels comfortable during the eye examination, you should bring along the favourite toy or snack for him.

Following credentials are checked during the examination:

  • A penlight exam
  • Eye movement check
  • Light reaction test


The experienced ophthalmologists at Brar eye care help you with the best eye check-ups for your tiny tots. The checkups are not only cost-effective but these come up with precise results.

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What are the top things which help you choose the right eye specialist?

  • February 24, 2021


The eyes are one of the vital human organs. The joy of seeing our loved ones, beautiful creatures, mountains, landscape, and whatnot, are only possible because of the human eyes. To ensure that our eye health is in the right state, it is essential to consult the best eye specialist. But are you going to consult the eye doctor at the eye hospital in Ludhiana for the first time, then you need to get regular eye examination and treatment? Doing so, will protect your vision, make your eyesight proper, and reduce the likelihood of a permanent eye problem.

How can I select the right eye specialist?
It is a task but that does not mean you cannot succeed in it. You need to make some efforts, consider some important factors and then you are good to go. Some of the important tips to see the eye specialist near your area are:
• Expert in this field
Not every surgeon can carry out the eye test or treatment. To get a detailed eye examination and diagnosis you need to seek assistance from the Ophthalmologist. They are experienced in treating, diagnosing, and performing eye surgery. With their years of know-how, they get the understanding to address various eye issues with ease. So, choose the one who can give you the care you need.
• Ask for reference
You should talk to your friends and family about any eye doctor they have seen in the past. So, you must choose the one whom people trust and there is no one better than your loved ones who can guide you about the same. This way you will have a list and then choose the one who seems best to you.
• Check the credentials
Before you proceed one step further, you should check the eye specialist credentials. While you select the eye professional, you must check their certification. They must have the necessary skills, training, and experience to offer you the best and inventive care you deserve. Make sure to check that there is no history of malpractice claims against him.
• Check the eye care hospital quality
We all deserve the best care. When you are putting in so much time and money, you must get top care. You need to ensure that the hospital you are going to choose should have the best state-of-the-art facility. This way the complications are reduced and you can get better results.
• Check the hospital staff
While you are getting the treatment, only the doctor is important but the staff should be easy to approach. Make sure the hospital staff listens to your needs and you get a hygienic condition. If you find them difficult to approach or they are not polite then you need to re-think your decision.
When it comes to getting the right eye care, you should not leave any stone unturned. If you are looking for an eye hospital in your area, then consult our experienced doctor for the care you deserve.